Appraisals: Appraisal Management Company Registration Requirements (2024)

OCC Bulletin2019-43 | September 16, 2019


Chief Executive Officers of All National Banks, Federal Savings Associations, and Federal Branches and Agencies; All Department and Division Heads; All Examining Personnel; and Other Interested Parties


The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC) is issuing this bulletin to remind banks1 of the new registration requirement for appraisal management companies (AMC) that became effective on August 10, 2019. Under this requirement, AMCs must register with the state or states in which they do business and must be subject to state supervision. Federal law bars AMCs from providing appraisal management services to financial institutions for consumer credit transactions secured by a consumer's principal dwelling2 that are federally related transactions (covered FRT) if the AMCs are not registered as required.3 This bulletin discusses considerations for banks with regard to confirming AMC registration as part of sound third-party risk management and suggests alternatives that banks can use when no registered AMCs are available.

Note for Community Banks

This bulletin applies to all OCC-supervised banks that engage AMCs.


Bank management should be aware of the following:

  • No AMC may perform services related to a covered FRT in a state unless the company is registered with that state or subject to oversight by a federal financial institutions regulatory agency.
  • Sound third-party risk management should include a process to confirm that AMCs engaged by the bank have registered with the state.
  • There are several options for obtaining appraisals for covered FRTs if a state is not registering AMCs.


AMCs are entities that serve as intermediaries between appraisers and banks.4 Many banks outsource the process of engaging appraisers for real estate transactions to AMCs. Section 1473 of the Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (Dodd–Frank)5 includes provisions on minimum requirements to be applied by states in the registration and supervision of AMCs. On June 9, 2015, the OCC, along with the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (FRB) and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC), adopted a regulation to implement the AMC provisions of Dodd–Frank.6

The regulation applies to AMCs that provide appraisal management services related to consumer credit transactions secured by a consumer's principal dwelling. The AMC registration requirement applies to AMCs that oversee a panel of more than 15 appraisers in a single state or 25 or more appraisers nationally in a given year. An AMC that is owned and controlled by an insured depository institution7 and regulated by the OCC, FRB, or FDIC (referred to as a federally regulated AMC)8 is not subject to the registration requirement.

Under section 1473 of Dodd–­Frank, states are not required to establish an AMC registration and supervision program. In a state that does not have an AMC registration and supervision program, AMCs are barred from providing appraisal management services for covered FRTs.9

The Appraisal Subcommittee of the Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council (ASC) is required to maintain an AMC national registry.10 The registry includes AMCs that (1) are registered with and subject to supervision by a state appraiser certifying and licensing agency or (2) are federally regulated.


A bank's use of third parties, including AMCs, does not diminish the bank's responsibility to confirm that the activity is performed in a safe and sound manner and in compliance with applicable laws and regulations. Bank management should conduct sufficient due diligence to confirm that the bank's third-party AMCs are registered as required. Some methods that banks can use to confirm an AMC's registration include the following:

  • Check the ASC's national AMC registry. Any AMC that is listed on the ASC's national AMC registry can be presumed to have met the AMC registration requirement.
  • Check the state's AMC registry. If an AMC is not listed on the ASC's national AMC registry, bank management may check the AMC registry of the relevant state to confirm whether the AMC is registered with the state where the property to be appraised is located. Many states have publicly searchable online databases for AMC registrations. Some states make the AMC database available through the same search portal as other business registrations. Other states have a separate search portal for AMCs. A few states have only an online list of registered AMCs. In some cases, bank management may need to call the state agency. The ASC's website has links to state agencies.
  • Request proof of registration directly from the AMC. Several states may not offer the electronic capability to verify the registration status of AMCs. In these cases, bank management is encouraged to request evidence of registration directly from the AMC.

Bank management should work with AMCs to properly identify transactions that meet the definition of a covered FRT. In determining whether the transaction is a covered FRT, the bank should either notify the AMC that the transaction is a covered FRT or provide sufficient information to enable the AMC to identify the transaction as a covered FRT. When the bank relies on an AMC's determination of whether transactions are covered FRTs, bank management should conduct sufficient due diligence as part of sound third-party risk management to confirm that the AMC appropriately identifies covered FRTs as such. If the transaction is not a covered FRT, the AMC registration rule does not apply. If the transaction is a covered FRT in a state that is not registering AMCs, banks may use one of the following:

  • An individual appraiser.
  • A staff appraiser employed by the bank.
  • A smaller AMC that has a panel with fewer than 15 appraisers in any state and fewer than 25 appraisers nationally in a given year.
  • A federally regulated AMC.

For more information regarding third-party risk management applicable to AMCs, refer to

  • OCC Bulletin 2010-42, "Sound Practices for Appraisals and Evaluations: Interagency Appraisal and Evaluation Guidelines" (refer to section XVI, "Third Party Arrangements," in the interagency guidelines).
  • OCC Bulletin 2013-29, "Third-Party Relationships: Risk Management Guidance."
  • OCC Bulletin 2017-21, "Third-Party Relationships: Frequently Asked Questions to Supplement OCC Bulletin 2013-29."
  • "Residential Real Estate" booklet of the Comptroller's Handbook.

Further Information

Please contact Steven Jones, Director for Retail Credit Risk, at (202) 649-0429, or Kevin Lawton, Real Estate Appraisal Specialist, at (202) 649-6220.

Grovetta N. Gardineer
Senior Deputy Comptroller for Bank Supervision Policy

1 The term "banks" refers collectively to national banks, federal savings associations, and federal branches and agencies of foreign banking organizations.

2 "Consumer credit," for purposes of the AMC rule, means credit offered or extended to a consumer primarily for personal, family, or household purposes. Refer to 12 CFR 34.211(g), "Consumer Credit."

3 Refer to 12 USC 3353, "Appraisal Management Company Minimum Requirements," and 12 CFR 34, subpart H, "Appraisal Management Company Minimum Requirements." "States" is defined as the 50 states and the District of Columbia and the territories of Guam, Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. Refer to 12 CFR 34.211(o), "States." Federally related transactions are real estate-related financial transactions that require the services of an appraiser and that the OCC or any of its regulated banks engages in or contracts for. Refer to 12 CFR 34.42(g), "Federally Related Transaction."

4 Refer to 12 CFR 34.211(c), "Appraisal Management Company," for the full definition of an AMC.

5 Pub. L. 111-203, 124 Stat. 1376.

6 Refer to 12 CFR 34, subpart H.

7 The term "insured depository institution" means any bank or savings association the deposits of which are FDIC-insured. Refer to 12 USC 1813, "Definitions."

8 Refer to 12 CFR 34.211(k), "Federally Regulated AMC."

9 Refer to 12 CFR 34.215(a), "Requirements in Providing Services."

10 Refer to 12 USC 3332(a)(6). The ASC's AMC national registry is at


  • Credit
  • Credit Administration
  • Third Party Risk Management
Appraisals: Appraisal Management Company Registration Requirements (2024)


What exam must be passed by a board member of an appraisal management company? ›

Individual appraiser applicants must take and pass the National Uniform State Appraiser Exam. The exam was developed by the Appraiser Qualifications Board. The fee for taking the exam is $61.

Why are appraisal management companies (AMCs) needed? ›

AMCs fulfill an administrative function in the appraisal process, including selecting an appraiser and delivering the appraisal report to the lender. Individual appraisers who work for AMCs provide the actual property valuation services.

How do appraisal management companies make money? ›

Once the appraisal is completed, AMCs will deliver the report to the lenders and collect the fees associated. After receiving the payment, they distribute appropriate amounts to their appraisers.

Are banks required to use an AMC? ›

Is a lender required to use an AMC? Lenders are not required to use AMCs. Lenders must ensure that appraisers are engaged independently and not unduly influenced. As a result, many lenders use Appraisal Management Companies (AMCs) to fulfill that role.

What is the passing score for the basic appraisal principles exam? ›

What is the passing score for exams? AI requires 70% to pass the exam. There is one exception: the 15-Hour USPAP Course requirement to pass is 74%. Most states require 70%; Florida and Georgia require 75%.

How much do home appraisers make in CA? ›

As of Apr 29, 2024, the average annual pay for a Real Estate Appraiser in California is $84,786 a year. Just in case you need a simple salary calculator, that works out to be approximately $40.76 an hour. This is the equivalent of $1,630/week or $7,065/month.

How to start an AMC? ›

necessary papers required for an AMC
  1. For a Private Limited Company – Memorandum of Association, Articles of Association, Scheme of Investment.
  2. Directors Identification Number (DIN).
  3. KYC (Know Your Client necessary papers).
  4. Proof of Identity- Passport.
  5. Proof of Address (Aadhar Card).
  6. PAN Card.
  7. Aadhar Card.

What is the role of AMCs? ›

An Asset Management Company (AMC) is a financial institution that manages and oversees the operations of mutual funds and other investment vehicles. These companies play a pivotal role in the investment industry by creating and administering various fund products to meet the diverse financial goals of investors.

What is the necessity of managerial appraisal? ›

It can judge the competency of the employee and decide if they are fit for the company. Provides insights on where to improve: With manager appraisals, both reviewers and the reviewed get a better understanding of the areas that need improvement.

Is being an appraiser a good side hustle? ›

Real Estate Appraiser

While this job takes some education and training, it's a rewarding way to make money on the side and be involved in real estate at the same time. Since most home appraisers are self-employed, this could give you the flexibility you need to earn cash on the side of a regular job as a freelancer.

What is the difference between management and appraisal? ›

Performance appraisal evaluates the employee's performance based on how he has performed in the immediate past. Performance management proactively manages an employee's performance and ensures that the employee has accomplished all the goals, vision, mission and the core values of the organization.

How do I market my appraisal business? ›

While online marketing channels are powerful tools, you should also use in-person networking to grow your appraisal business. Sometimes the best way to drum up new business is to just get out and talk to people. Methods for in-person marketing include networking events, speaking opportunities, and phone calls.

What bank does AMC use? ›

The AMC Entertainment Visa Card is Powered by Deserve, Inc. and issued by Celtic Bank, a Utah-chartered Industrial Bank, Member FDIC.

How does AMC membership work? ›

Watch movies your way. Choose Dolby Cinema, IMAX®, PRIME at AMC™, RealD® 3D, Laser at AMC™, and more – it's all included with your membership. Earn points 5X faster than Insiders! Choose to use your reward for tickets or movie snacks every time you reach 5,000 points – that's a $5 reward for every $50 spent.

Is AMC directly deducted from bank account? ›

Is the AMC directly deducted from the bank account? Yes, the AMC is automatically deducted from the bank account.

What exam must be passed to achieve the level of state real estate appraiser Quizlet? ›

An applicant must pass the Uniform State Certified Residential Real Property Appraiser Examination." 3. "An appraiser with a Residential License may appraise any one- to four-unit residential property with a transaction value up to $1 million, and any nonresidential property with a value up to $250,000.

What is the role of the appraisal standards board? ›

The Appraisal Standards Board (ASB) is an independent Board of The Appraisal Foundation. The ASB is responsible for writing, amending and interpreting the Uniform Standards of Professional Appraisal Practice (USPAP). The ASB has five to seven members, appointed by the Foundation's Board of Trustees.

What are the three boards of the Appraisal Foundation? ›

The Foundation also ensures that the profession adapts to changing circ*mstances and continues to move forward through the work of its three independent boards: the Appraisal Practices Board (APB), Appraiser Qualifications Board (AQB), and the Appraisal Standards Board (ASB).

Which board on the Appraisal Foundation is responsible for selecting members to the Appraisal Standards Board? ›

The Appraisal Foundation is directed by a Board of Trustees (BOT) that is responsible for the governance of the organization. The BOT appoints members and provides financial support and oversight to two independent Boards: the Appraiser Qualifications Board and the Appraisal Standards Board.


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